What’s so bad about gasoline?
Every gallon of gas burned emits 20 pounds of carbon dioxide, the greenhouse gas that is the main driver of climate change.
Gasoline, and the crude oil it comes from, causes harms all along its life cycle, from oil exploration and extraction, to moving the oil (pipeline spills happen every day), to refining it into gasoline, to storing it in underground tanks at gas stations, to burning it in our cars.
Life Cycle Harms of Gasoline
The transportation sector is the biggest source of carbon emissions, at 32% of the US carbon footprint, 41% for California (with light-duty vehicles making up 70% of the total), and 47% for Washington State. Overloading the earth's atmosphere with carbon dioxide is causing warming land and ocean temperatures resulting in more severe storms, droughts and other weather events. In 2017 alone, these types of natural disasters cost the nation $306 billion. Moving away from gasoline-powered vehicles to clean alternatives is critical to the effort to avert catastrophic climate change.
Vehicle emissions also account for 80% of smog-causing air pollution. They increase risks of asthma, heart and lung disease, dementia and cancers – especially in children and near busy roads.
More Americans die each year from vehicle emissions (58,000) than from vehicle crashes (38,000) or secondhand smoke (41,000). On average, every tank of gas burned costs $18 in health and climate costs.
Exposure to harmful toxic air pollutants from other vehicles is higher inside vehicles than outside; your vehicle is basically a “box collecting toxic gases from the vehicles around you.”
California was ranked dead last for 17 of 18 years for air quality by the American Lung Association — and that was before the recent wildfires. Seventy percent of Californians live in areas with unhealthy air, much of it caused by the ozone (smog) and particle pollution from vehicle emissions. Seattle is the 15th most polluted city for short-term particle pollution.
Choosing a gas car means investing $500 to $1,000 a year in the oil industry, including the Koch Brothers and OPEC, with their secret agendas and powerful lobbies that support political goals you might not favor.
We’re ready to phase out gasoline and move to cleaner alternatives.
Electricity is getting cleaner every year, as more of it comes from clean, renewable sources like sun and wind. In all 50 states, the global warming emissions from an electric vehicle are less than those of a gas car, even when considered across the lifetime of the vehicle – from manufacturing the car and the battery, to disposal/reuse. Gasoline will always be a polluting fossil fuel.
Electric vehicles are affordable today, and will be even more affordable in a few years. Lifetime costs for many electric vehicles are already cheaper than for gas cars, due to cheaper fuel (electricity) and less maintenance.
Electric vehicle batteries are proving more hardy than was initially expected, and are now forecast to last for 500,000 miles. When they degrade enough to be unsuitable for cars, they are being re-used for electricity storage. After that, their raw materials are being recycled. Concerns about EV batteries are being addressed.
Electric vehicles can be charged every night while you sleep -- no more waiting at gas stations and breathing toxic fumes.
If you have a regular household electrical outlet (110 volts) within reach of your electric vehicle, you can add about 40 to 60 miles of range overnight.
Used electric vehicles are available in many parts of the country for $6,000 or less. (Low-income Californians can take $5,000 off the cost of a used electric vehicle, AND get free charging installed at home.)
Switching US vehicles from gasoline to electric will bring economic benefits and job growth.
Finally, moving to electric vehicles from gasoline advances environmental justice and equity.