Gasoline Vehicle Phaseout advances Around the World
Here are the latest advances by various countries and the United States for a gasoline phaseout related to vehicles:
Non-U.S. Countries (and a province)
1. British Columbia: legislation passed to ban sales of new gasoline cars by 2040
2. Denmark: plans to ban gasoline vehicles by 2030, and hybrids by 2035
3. Egypt: working on plan to have only electric vehicles by 2040
4. France: banning sales of gasoline vehicles by 2040
5. Germany: Bundesrat passed resolution banning sales of new combustion engine vehicles starting 2030
7. India: set a target of 100% electric vehicles by 2030, and is considering a ban on gas-powered 2- and 3-wheeled vehicles by 2025.
8. Ireland: legislation proposed to only allow sales of zero emissions vehicles starting 2030
9. Israel: banning sales of new gasoline vehicles after 2030
12. Portugal: plans to stop selling new gasoline vehicles by 2040
13. Slovenia: banning sales of new fossil fuel vehicles by 2030
14. Spain: plans to ban the sale of vehicles running on fossil fuels by 2040
15. Sri Lanka: plans to ban all fossil fuel vehicles from the roads by 2040.
16. Sweden: plans to ban sales of gasoline cars after 2030
17. Taiwan: banning sales of new non-electric vehicles by 2040
18. UK: banning sales of purely gasoline or diesel vehicles by 2040 (but government advisors are calling for a 2030 or 2035 deadline instead); Scotland: plans to phase out sales of new gasoline vehicles by 2032.
Senate: In May 2019, US Senators Jeff Merkley (D-OR) and Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI) introduced the federal Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEV) Act. This bill would require that 50% of all new passenger vehicles sold in 2030 in the US are ZEVs. The requirement would ramp up 5% each year, to 100% of new vehicle sales by 2040. With 100% of new car sales being ZEVs in 2040, the vast majority of used cars would be ZEVs by 2050.
House: In 2017, Rep. Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI) introduced the Off Fossil Fuels for a Better Future Act calling for 100% of new vehicle sales to be zero emissions vehicles in the US starting 2035. The bill gained 46 co-sponsors, and is expected to be reintroduced in 2019.
California: AB 1745, introduced in 2018, would have required all new passenger vehicles to be zero emissions vehicles (ZEVs) starting in 2040. In the face of strong opposition from the oil industry, it did not advance. AB 40 was introduced in 2019, directing the California Air Resources Board (CARB) to develop a strategy for a 2040 gasoline phaseout. The bill was blocked in the Assembly Transportation Committee, but survived as a $1.5 m budget item
“for a study to identify strategies to significantly reduce emissions from vehicles and to achieve carbon neutrality in the sector, including the transition to zero-emission light-duty vehicles, in particular, passenger vehicles, the transition to zero-emission heavy vehicles, and the adoption of other technology to significantly reduce emissions from heavy vehicles; the role of alternative fuels; and the impact of land use policy.”
Hawaii: SB 1338, introduced in 2019, would phase out sales of new gasoline vehicles starting in 2030. Did not advance.
New Jersey: A4819, introduced in December 2018, would set a goal of having 90% of all new vehicle sales be electric by 2040.
Washington state: HB 1832, introduced in February 2019, would have required that all government fleet vehicles be electric vehicles by 2027. It passed as a $450,000 budget item to develop a plan for substantially converting the public fleet to electric by as early as 2025.
District of Columbia: DC Act 22-583, enacted January 2019, requires that public buses and privately owned fleet vehicles be Zero Emissions Vehicles by 2045. It passed into law in May 2019 as a $450,000 budget item to develop a plan for substantially converting the public fleet to electric by as early as 2025.
Los Angeles has announced a plan for 80% of vehicles to be zero emissions by 2035, and 100% by 2050.